Gum disease can occur in even the most diligent patients who brush and floss daily. Our ancestors can impact our dental condition as well as our own lifestyle habits. If any of the symptoms of gum disease are present, a periodontist will be able to resolve the problem and provide guidance on ways to prevent a reoccurrence.
What Is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is a bacterial infection caused by accumulation of dental plaque on the teeth. It is a disease that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease where the gums may become red, swollen and bleed easily. You may also notice your gums receding so more of your teeth are exposed. Many people overlook these early warning signs, allowing their disease to progress to the more serious stage of gum disease called periodontitis, which is when teeth begin to loosen and can eventually fall out. Gum disease is often reversible in its early stages. The disease can usually be prevented by taking specific precautions.
The most effective way to prevent gum disease is to follow a disciplined oral hygiene regime. Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once daily to remove debris and clean parts of your teeth your brush cannot reach. After brushing, use a fluoride mouthwash. Schedule regular dental check ups to ensure that your gums remain in optimum health.
Malnutrition and obesity are both correlated with an increased risk of gum disease. Check with a nutritionist to see whether your diet is healthy and balanced. Smoking is also a major risk factor. Consider seeking professional help if you wish to stop smoking. Try to manage your stress levels, since this can also increase your susceptibility to gum disease. If you clench or grind your teeth, consult your dentist about mouth guards to help protect your dentition. Certain medications can also increase your susceptibility to gum disease. Ask your physician about suitable options.